This page provides essential information to help authors prepare the graphic components of their TAD manuscript.  Following these guidelines will ensure not only that your graphics are legible and supportive of your text, but also that your work is visually compelling and meets the highest professional standards for publication.


If the manuscript is accepted for publication, high-resolution images will be requested. When creating and submitting digital files, please follow the standards specified below. Failure to do so can significantly delay publication of your work. The TAD editorial team is responsible for final decisions on quantity and placement of figures in each paper; not all of the submitted graphics will necessarily be included in the publication.

The graphics for your manuscript will fall into one of two categories: figures (which include photographs, drawings, graphs, charts, and diagrams) and tables. Each figure in your manuscript should be labelled individually with sequential numbers (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.), and each table should be labelled individually (Table 1, Table 2, etc.). Subfigures (Figure 1(a), Figure 1(b), etc.) should only be used where the figures are clearly and closely related, such as variations on a theme or a series of related examples within a larger category. Multiple lettered subfigures under one figure number should be the exception, not the rule. Refer to guidelines for Figure Captions below for more information.

Each figure and each table must be supplied as a separate digital file in the formats specified below. Please use the following file-naming convention: [Lastname_Figure_#] or [Lastname_Table_#]. Captions for all figures should be compiled and submitted in a single Word file.

Any text included in figures, such as legends and labels, should use Lato typeface (available at  A 7-point font size is the minimum size legible in print. Because image size may change during production, please provide editable files whenever possible; Adobe Illustrator (.ai) or .eps files are preferred.


Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission to publish any figures that were created by others and/or are protected by copyright, including figures published elsewhere and pictures taken by professional photographers. The journal cannot publish images without documented permission from the copyright holder. We recommend that authors secure permissions as soon as possible to avoid potential delays.

Please see the Taylor & Francis website for additional resources for image permissions:


Please be aware that graphics that do not meet the requirements below will not reproduce well and may delay publication until we receive high-resolution images in the required format(s).

Line art, graphs, charts and schematics

For optimal results, all line art, graphs, charts and schematics should be supplied as editable files in vector format, such as .eps or .ai, and must be saved or exported as such directly from the application in which they were made, such as Adobe Illustrator. The image should not exceed 11” in the longest dimension. Any included text should be in Lato typeface, no smaller than 7 pt. For charts and graphs, please ensure that data points and axis labels are clearly legible.

Photographic and bitmap images

All photographic and bitmap images must be supplied as .tiff or .jpg files in the highest resolution possible, but at least 300 dpi with minimum 11” in the longest dimension (resulting in 3300 pixels in the longest dimension).  For example, an image size of 2550 pixels wide x 3300 pixels high can be printed full-bleed in TAD.

Color images should be saved as CMYK; black-and-white images should be saved as grayscale. If saving .tiff files, please ensure that the compression option is selected to avoid very large file sizes.

Please do not supply Word or Powerpoint files with placed images.

Note: some articles are published with a two-page introductory image, which requires an image file saved at 300 dpi with dimensions of 10.625” wide x 11.125” high (this includes the bleed). Editors will discuss introductory images with authors once a paper has been accepted for publication.

Please see the Taylor & Francis website for additional resources for image permissions:


Tables must be submitted in an editable format (Word, Excel, or Illustrator) and not as non-editable image files. Provide the title for each table as a separate line of text above the table (rather than including it as the first row of the table), using the following format: 

Table 1. Title and/or description.

Tables that include statistical analysis of data should describe their standards of error analysis and ranges in a table legend. Please see the Taylor & Francis Website for additional resources:


Provide all captions in one separate Word file, using the following general format:

Figure 1. Description. (Credit: Holder of Copyright)

For figures that depict a work of architecture, art, or other artifact, use the following format:

Figure 1. Name of Architect / Designer / Artist, Name of Project, Location, Date. Further description if needed. (Credit: Holder of Copyright)

If the holder of the copyright is the author, no credit is required. However, if the copyright is just one of the authors on a multi-author paper, then credit should be given.

When lettered subfigures are used (refer to General Guidelines above), provide an overall caption for the Figure. When distinguishing between sub figures within a caption, use (a), (b), (c) to designate the subfigures.