• Read
  • Publish
  • About


Explore current and past TAD issues and related content.

Current Issue

Learn more about our current issue

Past Issues

Browse our compilation of past issues


Webinars, videos, articles and more


View submission guidelines, learn more about our review process and find helpful recommendations for publishing work in TAD Journal.

Call for Papers

Submit work for our next issue

Author Guide

Explore editorial tips and recommendations


TAD Journal is a peer-­reviewed international journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarship in the field of building technology and its translation, integration, and impact on architecture and design.

Our Mission

Learn more about our vision and values

Editorial Board

Meet the minds bringing our mission to life

Advisory Board

Meet the experts shaping TAD’s future

Issue 5.2

Design Evaluation in Architecture Education with an Affordance-Based Approach Utilizing Non-Virtual Reality and Virtual Reality Media

Virtual reality (VR) technology can help students conduct a design evaluation process on their architecture studio course submission. This study explores an architectural design evaluation method that uses an affordance-based design approach with two phases: “Non-VR (NVR) prior to VR” and “NVR followed by VR.” A game-engine-based VR system was developed for this research. The simulated VR system used information from building information modeling (BIM) models to provide information about the evaluated architectural design. Participants evaluated submissions by recognizing the affordances and then mapping them using an affordance structure matrix. All data were evaluated to compare the evaluation results between the two phases. Generally, the evaluation process helps identify perceived affordances in design submissions. The different media provide additional feedback for students.

Read Full Article (ACSA Member) Read Full Article (Non-member)