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Issue 9:2

Innovation

Deadline: January 15, 2025

Innovation captures new ideas, methods, strategies, products, forms, designs, etc. Innovation is the action or process of innovating, introducing, or presenting novelties and modifying what is established by introducing new elements or forms. It is a change introduced to an existing product. Imaginative ideas include improvements that capture how components or processes are modified or configured in designs, systems, or domains, like building materials, data processing, digital fabrication, computation, history and theory of innovation. 

About TAD Journal
TAD Journal is a peer-­reviewed, international journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarship in the field of building technology and its translation, integration, and impact on architecture and design.
Recent

Articles

6.1
Designing a Pavilion that Generates Electricity
This paper demonstrates a design method that integrates various computational tools such as Rhinoceros, the artificial...
Designing a Pavilion that Generates Electricity
7.1
Tectonics by Any Other Name
What is the relationship between the historical events in Figure 1? The timeline contains a prophecy and a...
Tectonics by Any Other Name
5.1
Post Occupancy Evaluation in Architectural Education and Practice
Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) is a research method that examines how buildings function; when the functions include...
Post Occupancy Evaluation in Architectural Education and Practice
6.1
Digital Technology and Architecture: Towards a Symmetrical Approach
Should we take technology as an external factor impacting design literally from the outside? For the past 50 years,...
Digital Technology and Architecture: Towards a Symmetrical Approach
8.1
Application of Topology Optimization as a Form-Finding Method in Architectural Design, A Case Study: Pardisan Urban Footbridge
This paper proposes a framework to integrate Topology Optimization (TO) techniques into the architectural design...
Application of Topology Optimization as a Form-Finding Method in Architectural Design, A Case Study: Pardisan Urban Footbridge
6.1
Assembling the Assembler: Reanimating the “Lost” Motion Machine of Wachsmann, Bollinger, and Mendoza
In the late 1960s, Konrad Wachsmann moved to the University of Southern California to begin the Building Research...
Assembling the Assembler: Reanimating the “Lost” Motion Machine of Wachsmann, Bollinger, and Mendoza
7.1
TK Test Tower in Rottweil or How a Membrane Envelope Saves Weight
Standing at approximately 246 m (807.08 ft.), the ThyssenKrupp elevator company’s Test Tower in the town of...
TK Test Tower in Rottweil or How a Membrane Envelope Saves Weight
5.2
Undertaking Research with Humans within Artificial Intelligence and Robotics: Multimodal Elderly Care Systems
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become widespread in recent years and made tremendous progress thanks to automated...
Undertaking Research with Humans within Artificial Intelligence and Robotics: Multimodal Elderly Care Systems
8.1
Views from the Outside 
Climate change is a critical challenge facing our communities. Studies conducted by IPCC and other entities continue...
Views from the Outside 
7.1
Bioclimatic Double-Skin Façades
Existing research into computational methods to optimize material usage in timber building structures often results...
Bioclimatic Double-Skin Façades
6.2
Autonomous Futures: Implications for Smart Cities
As researchers studying how to design human interaction with automation, we are frequently asked to prognosticate...
Autonomous Futures: Implications for Smart Cities
6.1
Building the Historical Record
As new architectural research is conducted in universities, laboratories, and practices, and subsequently disseminated...
Building the Historical Record
8.1
Climate Changes
Climate binds us. Our macroenvironment is now a legal and social contract in the form of the Paris Agreement, also...
Climate Changes
5.2
Recognizing Place-Intelligence in Historic Environments for Sustainable Futures
Local knowledge is commonly understood as the accumulated knowledge of communities with long histories that have...
Recognizing Place-Intelligence in Historic Environments for Sustainable Futures
8.1
Climate: From Critical Technologies to Active Agencies
Building technologies that approach climate issues are never objective, neutral, or isolated. Like most technological...
Climate: From Critical Technologies to Active Agencies
8.1
Developers Grappling with Flood Risks: Evaluating Boston’s Climate Resiliency Checklist
Ongoing waterfront development in risky areas across the globe raises the continued paradox between resilience...
Developers Grappling with Flood Risks: Evaluating Boston’s Climate Resiliency Checklist
7.1
The Long Wait for the Inevitable: Metanarratives of Construction
What is the relationship between the historical events in Figure 1? The timeline contains a prophecy and a...
The Long Wait for the Inevitable: Metanarratives of Construction
5.2
Scaling Intelligence
Intelligence without action is inert. As the solicited contributions to this volume demonstrate, actionable intelligence...
Scaling Intelligence
7.2
Materials as Design Tool: Digital Fabrication Strategies for Sustainable Architecture 
The building industry is responsible for consuming almost 45% of all extracted resources and producing nearly 40%...
Materials as Design Tool: Digital Fabrication Strategies for Sustainable Architecture 
5.1
Open III: Call for Papers
Research methods is a developing area of interest in the built environment and OPEN to discussion. The concept...
5.2
From Smart-Only Cities Towards Humane and Cooperative Hybrid Cities
Our working and living environments are increasingly determined by what I call the “Smart-Everything” Paradigm...
From Smart-Only Cities Towards Humane and Cooperative Hybrid Cities
6.1
Decoding the Architectural Genome: Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms in Design
The application of population-based optimization algorithms in design is heavily driven by the translation and...
Decoding the Architectural Genome: Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms in Design
6.2
Prolegomena to Computational Design
In 1989, I left Scotland for the Carnegie Mellon School of Architecture to help revamp the graduate program in...
Prolegomena to Computational Design
5.2
The Anthropomorphism of Intelligence
The call for papers for this issue embraced the broad nature of intelligence, its multiple frameworks and its impact...
5.1
Building Integrated Evaporative Cooling Utilizing Pervious Concrete
This research proposes an integrated building evaporative cooling assembly using pervious concrete acting as a...
Building Integrated Evaporative Cooling Utilizing Pervious Concrete
5.1
AutoFrame: A Novel Procedure to Auto-Convert Architectural Massing Models into Structural Simulation Models to Streamline Embodied- and Operational-Carbon Assessment and Daylight Evaluation in Early Design
Sustainability and material efficiency are essential considerations in architecture. However, they are often evaluated...
AutoFrame: A Novel Procedure to Auto-Convert Architectural Massing Models into Structural Simulation Models to Streamline Embodied- and Operational-Carbon Assessment and Daylight Evaluation in Early Design
5.2
The Intelligence of Architectural Research
The three-volume The Handbook for Artificial Intelligence, proposed in 1975 and finally published in 1981, was...
The Intelligence of Architectural Research
7.2
Circular Economy in Informal Settlements 
Applying the circular economy (CE) in practice continues to challenge environmental design. Studies regarding the...
Circular Economy in Informal Settlements 
5.2
Integrating Mobile Eye-Tracking and VSLAM for Recording Spatial Gaze in Works of Art and Architecture
This paper proposes a method for spatial eye-tracking for use with three-dimensional objects and environments....
Integrating Mobile Eye-Tracking and VSLAM for Recording Spatial Gaze in Works of Art and Architecture
7.1
Architectural Tectonics in the Age of Climate Crisis, Social Change and Digital Fabrication
Heinrich Wölfflin’s voice reflects ideals of art historical discourse of the early twentieth century. The debate...
Architectural Tectonics in the Age of Climate Crisis, Social Change and Digital Fabrication
7.2
Wild Wood Gridshells: Mixed-Reality Construction of Nonstandard Wood
Concrete construction is one of the largest producers of CO2 emissions and waste from discarded formwork. 3D printing...
Wild Wood Gridshells: Mixed-Reality Construction of Nonstandard Wood
5.2
Autonomous Robotics in the AEC practice
In recent years, technical development in robotics has been enhanced by leaps forward in artificial intelligence...
7.1
Tectonics and the Illogic of Durability for Earthen Structures
Incorporating the process of ecological decay into architectural design acknowledges the dynamic lifecycle of materials...
Tectonics and the Illogic of Durability for Earthen Structures
5.1
On: Case Study Strategies for Architects and Designers
The case study is such a ubiquitous and seemingly natural form of inquiry in architecture that it can be surprising...
On: Case Study Strategies for Architects and Designers
7.1
The Shed: An Intersection of Disciplines
The Shed is a nonprofit cultural organization that commissions, develops, and presents original works of art across...
The Shed: An Intersection of Disciplines
5.1
Material Alignments
Advances in computation have fomented a new era of material and building technology invention in architecture....
Material Alignments
6.2
Engineering Architecture
It seems odd or at least disconcerting that until French engineer and physicist Charles-Augustin Coulomb imparted...
Engineering Architecture
6.2
Evolution of Modeling for Lightweight Structures: Creating the Munich Olympic Stadium Roof (1967–72)
The experimental structural qualities of the Munich Olympic Stadium roof compelled formative innovations in modeling...
Evolution of Modeling for Lightweight Structures: Creating the Munich Olympic Stadium Roof (1967–72)
8.1
Climate: The Path Forward
Climate change is one of the most critical and complex challenges facing communities worldwide. Recent reports...
Climate: The Path Forward
5.2
The Static and Dynamic Interface: Mass Timber Rocking Wall Resilience
The Gemising results in the enhancement of productivity in construction have already beenIn 2010 and 2011, Christchurch,...
The Static and Dynamic Interface: Mass Timber Rocking Wall Resilience
7.2
Integrative Structural Design of Nonstandard Building Systems: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Industry 
The utilization in architecture of computational design and digital fabrication, coupled with the exploration of...
Integrative Structural Design of Nonstandard Building Systems: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Industry 
7.1
Löyly Sauna
Löyly sauna’s unique timber cladding is designed with circular economy principles using invaluable small-scale...
Löyly Sauna
7.2
Towards Layered Permanence in the Sustainable Design of Buildings 
Among the approaches of circular construction, the reuse of buildings is the most desirable as it leaves a large...
Towards Layered Permanence in the Sustainable Design of Buildings 
5.1
Parallel Paths of Inquiry: Detailing for DFAB HOUSE
DFAB HOUSE, a multi‐technology demonstrator of digital fabrication in architecture, integrates six full‐scale...
Parallel Paths of Inquiry: Detailing for DFAB HOUSE
6.2
Construction Automation and Design Research
The Center for Robotics in Construction and Architecture (CRCA) is an integrated research unit established in 2017...
Construction Automation and Design Research
7.1
UNLOG: A Deployable, Lightweight, and Bending-Active Timber Construction Method
UNLOG is a lightweight and easily deployable timber framing method that utilizes robotic kerfing techniques to...
UNLOG: A Deployable, Lightweight, and Bending-Active Timber Construction Method
7.1
Mapping Rectangles to Cylinders: Waste-Conscious Constructions of Curved Structural Surfaces
This research explores the generation of a novel syntax for architecture driven by the preserved proportions of...
Mapping Rectangles to Cylinders: Waste-Conscious Constructions of Curved Structural Surfaces
7.1
Tectonics in Equipoise
More than physical but less than ephemeral might be an excellent way to begin. Defining tectonics as the “physical...
Tectonics in Equipoise
6.1
Impact of Digital Technologies on Historic Preservation Research at Multiple Scales
The last decade has seen a relatively quiet revolution happening within historic preservation. The field experienced...
Impact of Digital Technologies on Historic Preservation Research at Multiple Scales
7.1
The Performance of Tectonics
This issue’s call for papers invited authors to revisit and reshape a decades-long debate given emerging contemporary...
The Performance of Tectonics
7.2
Prototypologies of Circularity 
The concept of a circular economy represents a way to overcome the current linear financial system’s social,...
Prototypologies of Circularity 
6.1
History’s Modus Operandi
A little history about histories. It isn’t until the eighteen-century German philosopher Georg W. F. Hegel that...
History’s Modus Operandi
8.1
Y02 as Climate Praxis 
This article introduces the recently adopted Y02 patent classification scheme, covering the broader cross-sectoral...
Y02 as Climate Praxis 
7.2
Flatpack Architecture: Investigating Circularity Through Temporary, Demountable Buildings 
Vacant lots exist in every city, and like land everywhere they carry inherent potential—socially, economically,...
Flatpack Architecture: Investigating Circularity Through Temporary, Demountable Buildings 
6.1
From Efficiency to Exhaustion: Computer-Aided Architecture at the Madrid Calculation Center (1968–1973)
This paper proposes the notion of exhaustion as an alternative paradigm to study postwar historiographies of computer-aided...
From Efficiency to Exhaustion: Computer-Aided Architecture at the Madrid Calculation Center (1968–1973)
5.1
Evaluating Energy Targets and Efficiency Measures in Multifamily Subtropical Buildings through Automated Simulation
Building operation accounts for a significant portion of global greenhouse gas emissions. Hawaii is committed to...
Evaluating Energy Targets and Efficiency Measures in Multifamily Subtropical Buildings through Automated Simulation
5.2
Intelligence: Call for Papers
The Gemising results in the enhancement of productivity in construction have already beenIn 2010 and 2011, Christchurch,...
7.2
Circularity at Scale 
When a newly developed technology to carry passengers vertically on an ascending platform between floors in buildings...
Circularity at Scale 
5.1
Molding Liquid Stone: A Computational and Experimental Mixed‐Method Study of 3D Print Formwork for Interlocking Concrete Modules
With bespoke fabrication on one end, and mass production on the other end of the fabrication spectrum, this study...
Molding Liquid Stone: A Computational and Experimental Mixed‐Method Study of 3D Print Formwork for Interlocking Concrete Modules
8.1
The Post-Pandemic Climate
Pandemics have the effect of accelerating humanity into the future, forcing us to confront unaddressed inequities...
The Post-Pandemic Climate
5.1
Validating an Emerging Design Area through Industry‐Academia Research Partnerships
Collaborative research between the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry and academia can...
Validating an Emerging Design Area through Industry‐Academia Research Partnerships
7.2
Automatic Generation of Architectural Plans with Machine Learning
The fact that computer software has no intuition about the design process is the main reason not to outsource that...
Automatic Generation of Architectural Plans with Machine Learning
8.1
Resilient City: Landscape Architecture for Climate Change
In the seventeenth century, English architecture enthusiasts began an enduring tradition of foraying abroad to...
Resilient City: Landscape Architecture for Climate Change
5.1
An Argument Framework for Ecological Psychology and Architecture Design
Integral to the scientific process are theoretical frameworks that motivate specific research questions and empirical...
An Argument Framework for Ecological Psychology and Architecture Design
6.1
Technologies and Stewardship of a Native American City
Archaeology’s legacy lies with the unfettered examination of past peoples and their built landscapes. Explorer/scholars,...
Technologies and Stewardship of a Native American City
7.2
In Review: Assessing Mass Timber and the Circular Economy 
A growing interest in mass timber as a low-carbon substitute for other structural materials warrants an exploration...
In Review: Assessing Mass Timber and the Circular Economy 
7.2
The Ingenuity of Circularity 
A “circular economy” or “circularity” model embodies reducing, reusing, and recycling principles1. This...
The Ingenuity of Circularity 
5.2
BIM: Enhancing Workflows with Add-Ins
The number of software programs available for use by designers, engineers, and contractors in the building industry...
5.2
Thinking Tools for Systems Thinking
Connecting global conditions to local actions is inherently difficult because it requires a different way of thinking....
Thinking Tools for Systems Thinking
5.2
Comparing Sensor Solutions in Practice: Philips Interact and Siemens Enlighted
ReDespitToday’s buildings contain a significant amount of technology with which we interact. This interaction...
Comparing Sensor Solutions in Practice: Philips Interact and Siemens Enlighted
8.1
Co-Innovating for Integrated Research, Teaching, and Outreach in Sea Level Rise Adaptation
Approximately 680 million people live in low-lying coastal regions susceptible to flooding (IPCC 2019), and architects...
Co-Innovating for Integrated Research, Teaching, and Outreach in Sea Level Rise Adaptation
6.1
Algorithmic Pathways and the Continuing Narratives of the Twentieth Century
“Histories” uncovers the diverse narratives in architecture technology, history, and culture, looking for unexpected...
Algorithmic Pathways and the Continuing Narratives of the Twentieth Century
6.2
Space Architecture in Microgravity: TESSERAE Project for Large Scale Space Structures
NASA and international partners are planning a crewed return to the lunar surface in this decade, with the explicit...
Space Architecture in Microgravity: TESSERAE Project for Large Scale Space Structures
5.1
Research Redux
I was about three years into my doctoral studies at Harvard’s GSD when three questions, or more accurately, three...
Research Redux
7.1
Synergetic Optimization of Timber Structures and Space
Existing research into computational methods to optimize material usage in timber building structures often results...
Synergetic Optimization of Timber Structures and Space
8.1
Concrete and Development: Context-driven Formwork Design for Scalable, Accessible and Low-carbon Concrete Structures
Society is building at an unprecedented rate: building stock will need to double by 2060 (UNEP 2021), adding over...
Concrete and Development: Context-driven Formwork Design for Scalable, Accessible and Low-carbon Concrete Structures
7.1
The HiLo Integrated Floor: Reviewing the Relation Between Structural and Environmental Systems
The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) set up a competition in 2009 for the design of a new College Chapel...
The HiLo Integrated Floor: Reviewing the Relation Between Structural and Environmental Systems
8.1
Enabling a Future-Focused Practice in an Uncertain Age
Humans face an unprecedented challenge in scope, time, and scale when considering climate change. In the design...
Enabling a Future-Focused Practice in an Uncertain Age
7.1
Geomorphic Tectonics
Intractable Divisions? Current approaches to the architectural object and the concepts of tectonics exhibit significant...
Geomorphic Tectonics
6.2
Architecting
Since its inaugural issue in 2017, Technology | Architecture + Design (TAD) has pursued its editorial...
Architecting
6.1
Processing in Progress: A Benchmark Analysis of Photogrammetry Applications for Digital Architectural Documentation
Since its initial development in the 1820s, photography revolutionized the way people looked at and remembered...
Processing in Progress: A Benchmark Analysis of Photogrammetry Applications for Digital Architectural Documentation
6.1
Counterfactual Modeling in Historical Reconstruction: El Lissitzky’s Horizontal Skyscraper WB2
In this project, three drawings for a horizontal skyscraper by El Lissitzky are analyzed and reconstructed using...
Counterfactual Modeling in Historical Reconstruction: El Lissitzky’s Horizontal Skyscraper WB2
5.1
Control or Affect? The Paradox of 3D‐Printed Wood
As one of the oldest and most pervasive building materials, wood is so commonplace that its unique qualities or...
Control or Affect? The Paradox of 3D‐Printed Wood
6.2
ENGINEERING: Call for Papers
Just as developing an ability to design is not exclusive to designers, neither is the ability to engineer within...
ENGINEERING: Call for Papers
8.1
Advancing Applications for Artificial-Intelligence-Supported Ambient Control in the Built Environment
Ambient intelligence (AmI) relying on electronic devices employing information and communication technology (ICT)...
Advancing Applications for Artificial-Intelligence-Supported Ambient Control in the Built Environment
6.2
Digital Data Fostering University Campus Regenerative Design
The Urban Ecology Lab (Laboratorio de Ecologia Urbana—LEUr) originated during the Brazilian entry into the 2012...
Digital Data Fostering University Campus Regenerative Design
6.2
Critical Modeling
The Leonhard Obermeyer Center (LOC) at the Technical University of Munich represents a research network dedicated...
Critical Modeling
7.1
Topology Optimization: A Case Study of Precast Panels
This research hypothesizes that designers can use engineering problem-solving tools such as topology optimization...
Topology Optimization: A Case Study of Precast Panels
5.2
On GANs, NLP and Architecture: Combining Human and Machine Intelligences for the Generation and Evaluation of Meaningful Designs
Recent advances in Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) hold considerable promise in architecture, especially...
On GANs, NLP and Architecture: Combining Human and Machine Intelligences for the Generation and Evaluation of Meaningful Designs
8.1
In Review: Regeneration: Ending the Climate Crisis in One Generation
Paul Hawken presents the concept of regeneration and actions to revitalize and restore the natural ecosystem to...
In Review: Regeneration: Ending the Climate Crisis in One Generation
6.1
Digital Techniques in Historic Preservation
The field of historic preservation constantly seeks new ways to document, assess, and interpret existing landmark...
Digital Techniques in Historic Preservation
5.2
Internet of Construction: Research Methods for Practical Relevance in Construction
The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)-funded research “Internet of Construction” (IoC)...
Internet of Construction: Research Methods for Practical Relevance in Construction
7.1
Bishop Edward King Chapel, Ripon College, Oxfordshire
The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) set up a competition in 2009 for the design of a new College Chapel...
Bishop Edward King Chapel, Ripon College, Oxfordshire
5.2
Using Digital Human Models to Evaluate the Ergonomic Comfort of Interior Layouts and Furniture Design
ReDespite broad adoption of Digital Human Models (DHMs) in other disciplines, the use of ergonomics in interior...
Using Digital Human Models to Evaluate the Ergonomic Comfort of Interior Layouts and Furniture Design
7.2
Design for Manufacturing and Assembly (DfMA) of Standardized Modular Wood Components
The challenges posed by urbanization and the linear product model of “obtain-consume-abolish” has led to irreversible...
Design for Manufacturing and Assembly (DfMA) of Standardized Modular Wood Components
7.2
The Resource Rows 
The growing urbanization across many parts of the world requires prolific building materials with significant environmental...
The Resource Rows 
6.1
Neural Image Classifiers for Historical Building Elements and Typologies
New technologies of machine vision and artificial intelligence (AI) are opening fresh avenues to catalog and compare...
Neural Image Classifiers for Historical Building Elements and Typologies
6.1
Standing or Sitting: The Water Pavilion at Carlo Scarpa’s Brion Memorial and its Restoration
It does not make sense to use the term “tomb” for the project built by Carlo Scarpa in San Vito di Altivole...
Standing or Sitting: The Water Pavilion at Carlo Scarpa’s Brion Memorial and its Restoration
7.2
Circular Formwork: Recycling of 3D Printed Thermoplastic Formwork for Concrete  
Concrete construction is one of the largest producers of CO2 emissions and waste from discarded formwork. 3D printing...
Circular Formwork: Recycling of 3D Printed Thermoplastic Formwork for Concrete  
6.2
Automation in the Field: SurveyLink
Improvements in design and engineering software expand architectural possibilities, leading to increased complexity....
Automation in the Field: SurveyLink
7.2
Sustain This
How should we discuss the most pressing issue: saving our home world? Is it a matter of sustainable resilience...
Sustain This
5.2
Predictive Information Modeling: Machine Learning Strategies for Material Uncertainty
This article presents a new design framework for the specification and prototyping of geometrically and behaviorally...
Predictive Information Modeling: Machine Learning Strategies for Material Uncertainty
8.1
Neural Networks for Monitoring Microalgae Biomass in Building Façades
The substantial impact of buildings on CO2 emissions and climate change highlights the urgent need to adopt sustainable...
Neural Networks for Monitoring Microalgae Biomass in Building Façades
8.1
Evaluating Climate and Community Health Care Infection Risks through Computational Predesign 
This study highlights the value of computational modeling in health care infection prevention planning, especially...
Evaluating Climate and Community Health Care Infection Risks through Computational Predesign 
7.2
Research into Practice: Tying Two Ends of a String Together
The disciplines of architecture and, even more so, civil engineering have always held an inherent research approach....
Research into Practice: Tying Two Ends of a String Together
7.1
Glazed Terracotta-Based Ceramic Façades
Attracted by the inherent weathered aesthetic and reflective properties, and the allure of the imperfections found...
Glazed Terracotta-Based Ceramic Façades
7.2
Acoustic Tectonics 
This paper presents the idea, investigation, and proposition of acoustic tectonics in architecture. The research...
Acoustic Tectonics 
6.2
Mies’s Teaching Laboratory: From Convention Hall to McCormick Place
The Convention Hall in Chicago was the largest structure ever proposed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and demonstrated...
Mies’s Teaching Laboratory: From Convention Hall to McCormick Place
8.1
Containing Carbon: Assessing the Carbon Impacts of Repurposed Shipping-Container-Based Housing
Constructing habitable buildings from repurposed shipping containers is commonly seen as an inherently sustainable...
Containing Carbon: Assessing the Carbon Impacts of Repurposed Shipping-Container-Based Housing
6.2
Regeneration: Ending the Climate Crisis in One Generation
Paul Hawken’s contributions, ranging from a successful business background as a maker of quality landscape tools...
Regeneration: Ending the Climate Crisis in One Generation
8.1
Daylighting Glare and Design for Visual Comfort 
Daylighting and glare simulation provide architecture students, professionals, and researchers with the knowledge...
Daylighting Glare and Design for Visual Comfort 
Notes from the Valley of Death: A Case for Entrepreneurship in Architecture
Rather than serve individual clients, architects can pursue an entrepreneurial path by identifying current problems...
Notes from the Valley of Death: A Case for Entrepreneurship in Architecture
6.2
Workflows for Advanced Manufacturing in Design
The digitization and automation of design and manufacturing present a rich potential for overlaps between seemingly...
Workflows for Advanced Manufacturing in Design
5.2
Design Evaluation in Architecture Education with an Affordance-Based Approach Utilizing Non-Virtual Reality and Virtual Reality Media
Virtual reality (VR) technology can help students conduct a design evaluation process on their architecture studio...
Design Evaluation in Architecture Education with an Affordance-Based Approach Utilizing Non-Virtual Reality and Virtual Reality Media
7.2
Data Visualization for a Circular Economy: Designing a Web Application for Sustainable Housing 
An impediment to effective Circular Economy (CE) implementation in residential buildings is the lack of standardized...
Data Visualization for a Circular Economy: Designing a Web Application for Sustainable Housing 
5.1
Methods: How We Invent and Research
“[O]ur writing tools are also working on our thoughts” summarizes Friedrich Nietzsche’s experience using...
7.2
The Removal Chain & Sentient Life Cycles
As our cities are growing, managing waste is becoming increasingly challenging. Global plastic waste is set to...
The Removal Chain & Sentient Life Cycles
7.1
Fabric Formed Unstabilized Poured Earth: Four-Dimensional Wall Systems
This paper presents prototype design research into the drying, shrinkage, and cracking of unstabilized fabric-formed...
Fabric Formed Unstabilized Poured Earth: Four-Dimensional Wall Systems
6.1
Modern Architecture and Climate: Design Before Air Conditioning
The history of modern architecture is well-worn territory. But what if we could upend its familiar narratives to...
Modern Architecture and Climate: Design Before Air Conditioning
7.2
Comparing Design Features of Campus Buildings with Adaptation/Demolition Outcomes 
Adaptable buildings are a vital part of circularity in the built environment. With long-term owners, defined sustainability...
Comparing Design Features of Campus Buildings with Adaptation/Demolition Outcomes 
8.1
Predictive Model for Optimal Growth and Benefits of Exterior Building-Integrated Vegetation
Vegetated surfaces in urban environments have the potential to improve building energy performance, reduce urban...
Predictive Model for Optimal Growth and Benefits of Exterior Building-Integrated Vegetation
6.2
Multimaterial Knit Skins: A Design-to-Fabrication Workflow for Mass Customized Freeform Membrane Panels
This paper presents a design-to-fabrication workflow to customize multimaterial CNC knitted textiles to form nonstandardized...
Multimaterial Knit Skins: A Design-to-Fabrication Workflow for Mass Customized Freeform Membrane Panels
6.2
Skydio 2+ Enterprise Kit with 3D Scan
Sci-fi writers of the last century have foretold and built anticipation for robots that will perform tasks for...
Skydio 2+ Enterprise Kit with 3D Scan
5.1
A Sound Approach to Concrete: Transforming Concrete Through Shape and Porosity for Acoustical Reflection, Diffusion, and Absorption
The shape, interior volume, and materiality of the built environment influence occupant perception of sound. Placement...
A Sound Approach to Concrete: Transforming Concrete Through Shape and Porosity for Acoustical Reflection, Diffusion, and Absorption
5.2
Gaming Engines: Unity, Unreal, and Interactive 3D Spaces
Game engines such as Unity 3D and Unreal Engine have emerged as valuable architectural practice and research tools...
7.1
Ecologies of Tectonics
We see increased attention to how buildings are built and expected to live over time, including the entire life...
Ecologies of Tectonics
6.2
Digital Reconstruction and Restoration of Architectural Heritage: Samara House
Samara House, built in 1956 with its surrounding landscape, is one of the National Historic Landmarks for its unique...
Digital Reconstruction and Restoration of Architectural Heritage: Samara House
6.2
Research Methods for Environmental Studies: A Social Science Approach
Environmental studies address human interactions with the environment. Complex contemporary environmental issues...
Research Methods for Environmental Studies: A Social Science Approach
6.2
Introduction to the Multilevel Building System Integrated Timber Central Core
This research objective is to investigate the viability of timber high-rise buildings with an integrated central...
Introduction to the Multilevel Building System Integrated Timber Central Core
6.2
Changing Perspectives: Bridging Design and Engineering in Architectural Research
Nowadays, the design process for a building is increasingly difficult to define as it may involve innovative material...
Changing Perspectives: Bridging Design and Engineering in Architectural Research
6.2
Pivoting to Infrastructure: The Fusion of Architecture and Engineering
Founded in London, WilkinsonEyre is an architectural practice closely associated with the parallel engineering...
Pivoting to Infrastructure: The Fusion of Architecture and Engineering
8.1
Climate and Architectural Education: Are Buildings Always the Answer?
One of the most potent ideas propelling the 2030 Challenge for climate action within the architectural community...
Climate and Architectural Education: Are Buildings Always the Answer?
5.2
Reflections on Five Years of TAD
As TAD approaches its five-year anniversary, the editorial board reflects on the state of the journal, its objectives,...
Reflections on Five Years of TAD
5.1
Interview with Peter Galison: On Method
Peter Galison is a University Professor in Physics and the History of Science at Harvard University. His publications,...
Interview with Peter Galison: On Method
5.1
Method, Matter, Practice, and Procedure
The clarion call for research in architecture academies and the profession sounded a century ago. From the 1930s...
Method, Matter, Practice, and Procedure
5.1
Re‐Opening
News of successful COVID‐19 vaccines offer hope of a return to “normal” once manufacturing and distribution...
Re‐Opening
4.2
Matter(s)
The primordial analog world. The novel digital world. Two canonical poles in a quintessential dualism. Like the...
Matter(s)
4.2
What's the Matter?
This issue of Technology | Architecture + Design began in one world and will be published in another. Two major...
What's the Matter?
4.2
Interview with Craig Curtis: Industrialized Construction at Katerra
Katerra’s stated goal is to revolutionize, through the application of advanced technologies, an AEC industry...
Interview with Craig Curtis: Industrialized Construction at Katerra
4.2
Seeing the Forest and the Trees: Environmental Impacts of Cross-Laminated Timber
With advances in wood product development and building code acceptance, mass timber structural systems have become...
Seeing the Forest and the Trees: Environmental Impacts of Cross-Laminated Timber
4.2
Breathing is Spatial
As a child, I had a bad case of asthma. Breathing, or rather the inability to breathe, was ever present in my childhood....
Breathing is Spatial
4.2
Evolving Vernacular: Reinventing Rammed Earth in the Context of Twenty-First Century Seismic Regulation
The vernacular architecture of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeast France is dominated by unstabilized...
Evolving Vernacular: Reinventing Rammed Earth in the Context of Twenty-First Century Seismic Regulation
4.2
Interwoven: The Kolon One & Only Tower
The Kolon One & Only Tower in Seoul, South Korea is a new research laboratory, design studio, and corporate...
Interwoven: The Kolon One & Only Tower
4.2
Enhancing the Human Condition: Reducing Building Material Toxicity by Design
Architects play a critical role in reducing building material toxicity and protecting occupants’ health. This...
Enhancing the Human Condition: Reducing Building Material Toxicity by Design
4.2
Architectural Laboratory Practice for the Development of Clay and Ceramic-Based Photosynthetic Biocomposites
This study outlines the development of clay and ceramic-based living biocomposite materials under minimal moisture...
Architectural Laboratory Practice for the Development of Clay and Ceramic-Based Photosynthetic Biocomposites
4.2
Mass(ive) Timber: Examining the Thermally Massive Behavior of Mass Timber Construction
While the embodied carbon benefits of mass timber are well studied, numerous claims regarding mass timber as thermal...
Mass(ive) Timber: Examining the Thermally Massive Behavior of Mass Timber Construction
4.2
Matter: Call for Papers
Materials—and their alchemical transformations through construction—have long been the subject of intense study...
4.2
Development of a Mono-Material Wood Wall System: Activating Digitally Fabricated Air Cavities for High-Performance Solid Timber Construction
The Mono-Material Wood Wall (MMWW) is a solid timber construction system combining traditional timber joinery techniques...
Development of a Mono-Material Wood Wall System: Activating Digitally Fabricated Air Cavities for High-Performance Solid Timber Construction
4.2
Hygro‐Responsive Canopies: Scaled Passive Actuation with Chitosan Composites
Current examples of passively actuated structures and surfaces show enormous potential in conferring buildings...
Hygro‐Responsive Canopies: Scaled Passive Actuation with Chitosan Composites
4.2
Porous Mass: Terra-Cotta Redefined Through Advanced Fabrication
Terra-Cotta Grotto prototype tests the bioclimatic conditioning and experiential qualities of a porous mass by...
Porous Mass: Terra-Cotta Redefined Through Advanced Fabrication
4.2
Rethinking Wood: Future Dimensions of Timber Assembly
Wood is seemingly an answer to the systemic challenges of scarce material resources, dearth of construction labor,...
Rethinking Wood: Future Dimensions of Timber Assembly
4.2
Manufacturing Architecture: An Architect's Guide to Custom Processes, Materials, and Applications
A reference to custom repetitive manufacturing for architects, Dana K. Gulling’s Manufacturing Architecture:...
Manufacturing Architecture: An Architect's Guide to Custom Processes, Materials, and Applications
4.2
Whole-Building Life Cycle Assessment: Comparison of Available Tools
For years, reducing the carbon emissions related to building operations has taken priority. However, operational...
Whole-Building Life Cycle Assessment: Comparison of Available Tools
4.2
Design Drives
Increasingly our designs and practice are informed by a broader set of parameters enabled by new tools and technologies....
Design Drives
4.2
Superjammed: Tunable and Morphable Spanning Structures Through Granular Jamming
This paper introduces a method of post-tensioning granular jammed structures to achieve horizontal spans that can...
Superjammed: Tunable and Morphable Spanning Structures Through Granular Jamming
4.2
DIY in Pandemic Times: Design Leadership During COVID-19
COVID-19 will have lasting impact upon our teaching methodologies and learning outcomes, from primary school through...
DIY in Pandemic Times: Design Leadership During COVID-19
4.2
Responding to COVID-19: Healthcare Surge Capacity Design for High-Consequence Infectious Disease
Surge events are not new to healthcare organizations. Natural disasters, including floods, hurricanes, and pandemics,...
Responding to COVID-19: Healthcare Surge Capacity Design for High-Consequence Infectious Disease
4.1
The Translation of Meaning
“Research,” “scholarship,” and “information gathering” are terms that can be used indiscriminately...
4.1
Creative Framing, Systematic Exploration
The value of translation—of bridging the divide between concept and realization, between academia and practice—has...
Creative Framing, Systematic Exploration
4.1
Research, Practice, and the Making of Architecture
The old dichotomy of research vs. practice continues to play out in the constructed division between academia and...
Research, Practice, and the Making of Architecture
4.1
Performance-Based Engineering Provides Path to More Compelling Mass Timber Projects
Over the past decade, the rise of engineered mass timber products has enabled several tall wood buildings to be...
Performance-Based Engineering Provides Path to More Compelling Mass Timber Projects
4.1
Building Dusty Robotics
The construction industry is one of the largest industries in the world, employing over ten million workers in...
Building Dusty Robotics
4.1
Racial Equity and the Future of Work
Automation is changing the nature of work in ways that are profoundly impacting the social and built environments.1...
4.1
Designing for Durability: Helsinki Central Library’s Wood Facade
The Helsinki Central Library, Oodi, opened to the public in December 2018, is characterized by an ambitious, large-scale...
Designing for Durability: Helsinki Central Library’s Wood Facade
4.1
CITYFOOD: Research Design for an International, Transdisciplinary Collaboration
Twenty-first-century cities face challenges including potential food shortages, water scarcity, and dependence...
CITYFOOD: Research Design for an International, Transdisciplinary Collaboration
4.1
Quantitative Methods for Architecture Research: Lessons from the Social Sciences
Architectural research can benefit from quantitative research methods commonly used in the social sciences. Through...
4.1
TRANSLATION: Call for Papers
From new design procedures to the physical testing of materials and production techniques, as well as alternative...
4.1
Fabric-Lined Tensile Formwork for Cast-in-Place Concrete Walls
This research explores fabric-lined tensile formwork systems for casting structural concrete walls with an architectural...
Fabric-Lined Tensile Formwork for Cast-in-Place Concrete Walls
4.1
Shifting Practices in Twentieth-Century Specification Writing: The Case of the R. Guastavino Company
As master builders of structural-tile arches and vaults, the R. Guastavino Company was considered the only entity...
Shifting Practices in Twentieth-Century Specification Writing: The Case of the R. Guastavino Company
4.1
Making a Sensory Cocoon: Translating Discrete Sensory Needs into a Built Solution with Emerging Digital Fabrication Workflows
Multisensory environments are believed to be helpful for neurodiverse individuals with sensory-processing issues...
Making a Sensory Cocoon: Translating Discrete Sensory Needs into a Built Solution with Emerging Digital Fabrication Workflows
4.1
Urbano: A Tool to Promote Active Mobility Modeling and Amenity Analysis in Urban Design
Modern planning paradigms promote the design of walkable neighborhoods. To allow urban designers to understand...
Urbano: A Tool to Promote Active Mobility Modeling and Amenity Analysis in Urban Design
4.1
Clay Cracking: A Natural Process Guiding a Design-to-Fabrication Method for Cast Aluminum Panels
Clay cracking, a natural process often associated with material failure, can be leveraged by designers to generate...
Clay Cracking: A Natural Process Guiding a Design-to-Fabrication Method for Cast Aluminum Panels
4.1
More or Less
The process of translation in architecture requires expertise in the language and content of design, such as using...
More or Less
4.1
The Role of California's State Regulations in Reducing Building-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Senate Bill 32, Assembly Bill 32, Senate Bill 100, and Assembly Bill 262
The 2018 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) “Summary for Policymakers” was very clear: The earth...
The Role of California's State Regulations in Reducing Building-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Senate Bill 32, Assembly Bill 32, Senate Bill 100, and Assembly Bill 262
4.1
The Minneapolis 2040 Comprehensive Plan: Community Engagement and Policy Development Addressing Housing
On December 7, 2018, the Minneapolis City Council passed the Minneapolis 2040 Comprehensive Plan by a vote of 12–1....
The Minneapolis 2040 Comprehensive Plan: Community Engagement and Policy Development Addressing Housing
4.1
Materials in Progress: Innovations for Designers and Architects
Jellyfish chips, plastic-eating bacterium, chicory-root nylon, artificial cartilage made from recycled denim fabric,...
Materials in Progress: Innovations for Designers and Architects
4.1
Modern Construction Envelopes: Systems for Architectural Design and Prototyping (3rd ed.)
The third edition of Modern Construction Envelopes presents a comprehensive taxonomy of building envelope systems...
Modern Construction Envelopes: Systems for Architectural Design and Prototyping (3rd ed.)
3.2
OPEN: Call for Papers
TECHNOLOGY | ARCHITECTURE + DESIGN (TAD) invites submissions of original research from scholars, practitioners,...
3.2
FELT: Communicating Emotion Through Textile Expression
The expressive material of a textile can be used to evoke emotion(s) through vision and touch. Because textiles...
FELT: Communicating Emotion Through Textile Expression
3.2
Enhancing Workplace Design through Advanced Floor Plates Analytics
Organizations increasingly value their workplaces as important to their success through stimulating collaboration...
Enhancing Workplace Design through Advanced Floor Plates Analytics
3.2
Conducting Human-Centered Building Science at the Well Living Lab
The Well Living Lab explores a methodological approach to conducting human-centered building science research in...
Conducting Human-Centered Building Science at the Well Living Lab
3.2
Generative Deep Learning in Architectural Design
Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are an emerging research area in deep learning that have demonstrated impressive...
Generative Deep Learning in Architectural Design
3.2
3D Turntables: Humanizing Architectural Technology Through Hip-Hop
This paper explores the potential impacts of hip-hop culture on architectural technology through arguments on humanizing...
3D Turntables: Humanizing Architectural Technology Through Hip-Hop
3.2
The 'Air-Wall': Re-Evaluating a Mid-Twentieth Century Four-Sided Double-Skin Facade
In the 1950s, architect William Hajjar built a four-story research building with a two-story double-skin facade...
3.2
Clouds and Cataracts: Optical Experiments at Sir John Soane's Museum
Plagued by cataracts, Sir John Soane’s (1753–1837) failing eyesight prompted new design strategies at his house...
Clouds and Cataracts: Optical Experiments at Sir John Soane's Museum
3.2
Building Envelope Mositure Transport in the Context of Assembly Aging and Uncertainty
Uncertainty analysis and assembly aging can be meaningfully integrated into building envelope simulations to predict...
3.2
Defining Geometry Levels for Optimizing BIM for VR: Insights from Traditional Architectural Media
Virtual reality (VR) provides a unique opportunity for sharing culturally significant spaces that are not physically...
Defining Geometry Levels for Optimizing BIM for VR: Insights from Traditional Architectural Media
3.2
Supradata: The Experimental Dimensions of Data
Whether big data or small, it has become clear that data, and their impact on our daily lives, are inescapable....
3.2
Architecture Design Data: Practice Competency in the Era of Computation
Phil Bernstein situates Architecture Design Data in a transformational moment, when the development of building...
Architecture Design Data: Practice Competency in the Era of Computation
3.2
Design Immersion and Virtual Presence
The recent emergence of virtual reality (VR) as a next-generation human-computer interface followed a strong industry...
Design Immersion and Virtual Presence
3.2
Smart Building Design: Conception, Planning, Realization, and Operation
With the help of advanced technology, smart infrastructure has become ubiquitous, and many of the elements we interact...
3.1
Research Beyond Smart Cities
QUT Urban Informatics are currently working with university and industry partners on the Rapid Analytics Interactive...
3.1
Strategies for Sustainable Communities: Landscape-Based Landslide Risk Alleviation in Medellín
Urban population growth has been considerable during the last five decades in Medellín. It has varied between...
Strategies for Sustainable Communities: Landscape-Based Landslide Risk Alleviation in Medellín
3.1
Mapping the Body: The Use of the Body Mapping Method to Explore Health and the Built Environment in Cape Town, South Africa
How do different types of built environment impact the health and well-being of residents? The working hypothesis...
Mapping the Body: The Use of the Body Mapping Method to Explore Health and the Built Environment in Cape Town, South Africa
3.1
Urbanizing: Call for Papers
Urbanizing is an active process. More than half of the world’s population now lives in cities, and by the year...
3.1
Structural Bamboo Building Codes: Catalysts for Industry, Research, and Construction Technology
On April 16, 2016, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake destroyed over 35,000 homes along the Pacific coast of Ecuador, leaving...
Structural Bamboo Building Codes: Catalysts for Industry, Research, and Construction Technology
3.1
Morphogenic Spatial Analysis: A Novel Approach for Visualizing Volumetric Urban Conditions and Generating Analytical Morphology
This investigation explores the simultaneous mapping of environmental and socioeconomic conditions for the volumetric...
Morphogenic Spatial Analysis: A Novel Approach for Visualizing Volumetric Urban Conditions and Generating Analytical Morphology
3.1
Backyard Housing Boom: New Markets for Affordable Housing and the Role of Digital Technology
In an effort to address California’s affordable housing shortage, lawmakers recently passed statewide legislation...
Backyard Housing Boom: New Markets for Affordable Housing and the Role of Digital Technology
3.1
Mixed Reality Visualizations of Urban Data
As a consequence of inexpensive sensors, ubiquitous tracking devices, and abundant digital storage, by 2019 smarter...
Mixed Reality Visualizations of Urban Data
3.1
Delta Urbanism: Aligning Adaptation with the Protection and Restoration Paradigm in Coastal Louisiana
Increasing resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change through hazard mitigation and social capacity building...
3.1
A Ladder
In May of 2015, climate scientists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration observed that, for the...
3.1
Too Big: Rebuild by Design: A Transformative Approach to Climate Change
When Hurricane Sandy hit the New York and New Jersey coasts in October 2012, the region was immobilized for days....
3.1
Urban Design Thinking: A Conceptual Toolkit
The twenty-first century, or the “Century of the City,” involves rapid urbanization in ways that are divergent...
3.1
Learning from Logistics: How Networks Change Our Cities
Architecture has an on-again/off-again relationship with other disciplines when it comes to critical theory. Clare...
3.1
The City of Tomorrow: Sensors, Networks, Hackers, and the Future of Urban Life
One way to understand the shape of cities is to understand how the urban environment coevolves with technological...
3.1
Building-Integrated Solar Technology: Architectural Design with Photovoltaics and Solar Thermal Energy
The world of architecture is in the midst of a revolution, a seismic sea-change in how our energy infrastructure...
3.2
Data Integrity and Future Systems
Data is neither pure nor agnostic. Rather, data is constructed by human beings, as are the systems that surround...
3.2
Data in Architecture: Structure and Content
Architectural space is exposed to the influences of numerous stimuli, such as daylight, ambient humidity, occupants’...
3.2
Blockchains as Enablers of Participatory Smart Grids
The next thirty years must bring about an accelerated change in our urban infrastructure. Global efforts, to prevent...
3.2
Improving Predictions of the Urban Wind Environment Using Data
Analysis of the urban wind environment can play an important role in the design of sustainable urban areas. The...
Improving Predictions of the Urban Wind Environment Using Data
3.2
Qualitative Data and Design: Understanding the Experimental Qualities of Place
Data come in many forms. They can be numbers, images, stories, sounds, and feelings; they can be biological tissue...
Qualitative Data and Design: Understanding the Experimental Qualities of Place
2.2
Climate-Adaptive Volume: Solving the Motion Envelope of a Reconfigurable Cooling Aperture for Desert Climate
Through several prototypes of a roof aperture for passive cooling in a desert climate, the relationships between...
2.2
The Impact of Measurement Research on Prefabrication and Modulation in SOM’s Postwar Housing and Office Buildings
Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill (SOM) committed to innovations in prefabrication and modulation of construction in...
The Impact of Measurement Research on Prefabrication and Modulation in SOM’s Postwar Housing and Office Buildings
2.2
Profiling Occupancy Patterns to Calibrate Urban Building Energy Models (UBEMs) Using Measured Data Clustering
Uncertainty in predicting occupancy patterns leads to discrepancies in simulated building energy when compared...
2.2
Experiments Toward Hyper-Local Reverse Heat Flow Assemblies
Latitudo Borealis is a project that develops an innovative cold-climate wall assembly that combines new passive...
Experiments Toward Hyper-Local Reverse Heat Flow Assemblies
2.2
From Instrument to Architecture: Environmental Models as Design Tools
This paper revisits a case study in the history of technology, Étienne-Jules Marey’s 1900–1902 wind tunnel...
From Instrument to Architecture: Environmental Models as Design Tools
2.2
Nature and the City: Measuring the Attention Restoration Benefits of Singapore’s Urban Vertical Greenery
A considerable amount of research has shown that views of nature can provide psychological benefits. Attention...
Nature and the City: Measuring the Attention Restoration Benefits of Singapore’s Urban Vertical Greenery
2.2
Nürburgring-ing
Performance can be understood as a measure of function. Beyond identifying nominal effects, the quantification...
2.2
Thinking Machines: Art and Design in the Computer Age, 1959–1989: The Museum of Modern Art New York City November 13, 2017–April 8, 2018
The machine has been central to The Museum of Modern Art’s exhibition history since its founding. Exhibitions...
Thinking Machines: Art and Design in the Computer Age, 1959–1989: The Museum of Modern Art New York City November 13, 2017–April 8, 2018
2.2
“Tall Wood Buildings: Design, Construction, and Performance” by Michael Green and Jim Taggart
The use of wood in the construction of multistory buildings is receiving increased attention at a time when our...
2.2
Software: Tableau and Microsoft Power BI
Data literacy—the ability to generate, understand, and use data—is a central challenge of design education...
2.2
“Radical Technologies” by Adam Greenfield
Adam Greenfield’s recent book prompts the recollection of Siegfried Giedion’s seminal work Mechanization Takes...
2.2
The Measure of All Things: Toward an Architecture of Information
A famous medieval illumination depicts God as an architect, armed with a set of calipers, measuring the boundaries...
The Measure of All Things: Toward an Architecture of Information
3.1
The Speed of Urbanizing
In his poem “Papa’s Bridge,” Richard Blanco, inaugural poet and civil engineer, shares how a bridge was impressed...
3.1
Processing
To solve problems, we are incentivized to invent and develop new technologies. This process of invention requires...
3.1
Principles for Minimizing Global Land Impacts of Urbanization
Over the past half century, the global urban population has undergone unprecedented change, increasing from one...
Principles for Minimizing Global Land Impacts of Urbanization
3.1
The Resilient Design Imperative: A Call for Action
Ellicott City, a historic patch of Maryland nestled between the Tiber and Patapsco rivers, regularly endures catastrophic...
The Resilient Design Imperative: A Call for Action
3.1
A Case for Infrastructural Opportunism
Since the publication of the Brundtland Report in 1987, the term “sustainable development” and its accompanying...
A Case for Infrastructural Opportunism
3.1
Designing for Complexity: The Challenge to Spatial Design from Sustainable Human Development in Cities
Never in history have we built so much, in so many different places. Population growth, urbanization, and technological...
Designing for Complexity: The Challenge to Spatial Design from Sustainable Human Development in Cities
3.1
One Belt One Road Urban Observatory (OBORobs)
BRI, a global development strategy affecting 65 countries, was advocated by China in 2013. The developing economies...
3.1
Barcelona Links: Application of Research by Design to the Study of Urbanism
The problem of how to connect parts of the metropolis to break down interior barriers is of strategic importance...
2.1
Innovating the Urban Water System: Achieving a Net Zero Water Future Beyond Current Regulation
Recent extreme climatic events and failing infrastructure have increased awareness of the need for expanded resilience...
2.1
Archaeo-tectural Translations: New Roles for the Field Architect
This article examines the field architect’s evolving role in interdisciplinary archaeology projects when equipped...
Archaeo-tectural Translations: New Roles for the Field Architect
2.1
3D Printing and Buildings: A Technology Review and Future Outlook
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has drawn attention from professionals in various fields for its ability to efficiently...
3D Printing and Buildings: A Technology Review and Future Outlook
2.1
Searching
While addressing the World Architecture Festival in November 2017, architect Raphael Viñoly shared observations...
2.1
Energy Accounts: Architecture Representations of Energy, Climate and the Future
Intrigued by the title of this engaging compilation of essays, a reader interested in the built environment, energy,...
2.1
Modern Construction Case Studies
In 2001, Andrew Watts published the Modern Construction Handbook. Featuring construction assemblies found in notable...
2.1
Built to Grow: Blending Architecture and Biology
The emerging discipline of biomimetics converges biology, chemistry, and engineering to offer a scientific approach...
2.1
Model Perspectives: Structure, Architecture and Culture
An architect’s ability to be creative and to translate conceptual ideas into spatial and material intentions...
2.2
Zen of Python: Principle 8
Measuring is perhaps the most creative and rebellious act undertaken by humans. It is driven by the premise that...
2.2
Quantification and Quality in Architecture and Design
Thrilled about his ability to understand previously unknown conditions, and in awe of the universe yet to be explored,...
2.2
Everything That Can Be Measured Will Be Measured
If the first phase of architecture’s engagement with digital technologies focused on form (roughly the early...
2.2
Balancing Design Conjecture and Research Analytics
The literature on design methods suitable for research related to the built environment is prolific. But the majority...
Balancing Design Conjecture and Research Analytics
2.2
Waste and Tolerance in Design and Construction
Building materials developed during the industrial revolution, when energy was cheap and raw materials seemingly...
Waste and Tolerance in Design and Construction
2.2
Cyber-Physical Systems and the Built Environment
Architecture’s position at the beginning of a complex process of procurement and delivery separates the discipline...
Cyber-Physical Systems and the Built Environment
2.2
URBOT’S Sons & Daughters: From Neutral to Nudge
Sensors to measure movement, air quality, or heat have been around for a while. They’ve been dumbly opening doors...
URBOT’S Sons & Daughters: From Neutral to Nudge
2.2
Interview with Greg Lynn: Forward-Thinking Land Drones
Along with Michele and Roberto Colaninno and the Piaggio Group, Jeffrey Schnapp and I co-founded the company to...
Interview with Greg Lynn: Forward-Thinking Land Drones
2.2
Post-Occupancy Testing of Thermal Dynamics of Design-Build Residences in Tucson, Arizona
A series of low-cost residences were designed and constructed by students and faculty in the University of Arizona’s...
Post-Occupancy Testing of Thermal Dynamics of Design-Build Residences in Tucson, Arizona
2.2
Challenges and Opportunities in Quantifying and Evaluating Building Sustainability
Green building demand in the US has grown over the last decade. Yet the development and implementation of holistic...
2.2
Measured
Measurement is fundamental to the discipline of architecture. Through measurement, one gains a more complete understanding...
2.2
Made-to-Measure: Automated Drawing and Material Craft
Automation in architectural design and documentation has often been a siloed process where discrete parts are scripted...
1.2
Actualizing
In the fall of 2016, architect Thom Mayne, in conjunction with UCLA’s Now Institute, unveiled a proposal for...
1.2
Effective Data Visualization: The Right Chart for the Right Data, and Data Visualization: A Handbook For Data Driven Design
Though not always obvious, there is a notable difference between research that searches for the truth and research...
1.2
The Truthful Art: Data, Charts and Maps for Communication
Cartographic Grounds is a beautifully conceived and executed book that explores the productive overlaps between...
1.2
Cartographic Grounds: Projecting the Landscape Imaginary
In their book Prototyping for Architects, authors Jane and Mark Burry provide insight into the wide-ranging means,...
1.2
Prototyping for Architects
Mass-Customization, a term coined in 1987 by Stan Davis in his seminal book Future Perfect, described what was...
1.2
Symposium: “Mass Customization and Design Democratization”
Throughout the late 1930s and early 1940s there was much speculation in the pages of California Arts and Architecture,...
1.2
Cellular Fabrication
Throughout the late 1930s and early 1940s there was much speculation in the pages of California Arts and Architecture,...
1.2
Smog Free Tower
Contemporary design practice and education aim to address pressing social, environmental, and technological problems....
Smog Free Tower
2.1
Describe, Explain, and Predict
Contemporary design practice and education aim to address pressing social, environmental, and technological problems....
2.1
Open
In his reflection on “The Nature of Research,” L. Bruce Archer, the late mechanical engineer and professor...
2.1
Re-finding a Voice: Building an Agenda for Research in Architecture
Architectural research is constitutively different in an age of open systems. There are important epistemological...
Re-finding a Voice: Building an Agenda for Research in Architecture
2.1
Architectural Research in an Age of Open Systems
Design Research has an epistemological mode that differs from those in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities,...
Architectural Research in an Age of Open Systems
2.1
Design Research: Objects, Procedures, and New Understanding
Shifting objects across the earth’s surface is no easy matter. The moon rushes through space, as do the satellites....
Design Research: Objects, Procedures, and New Understanding
2.1
Legs
Hurrying across a deserted beach, their many legs weaving intricate spatial patterns, Theo Jansen’s Strandbeest...
Legs
2.1
“Life” on the Beach
The recent resurgence of user-centered work in the architecture and design fields underlines the imperative to...
“Life” on the Beach
2.1
Architectural Research Legally and Ethically Considered
OPEN represents inclusion, exploration, and open-mindedness. With this issue, we direct this receptivity towards...
Architectural Research Legally and Ethically Considered
2.1
Heat Mapping Drones: An Autonomous Computer-Vision-Based Procedure for Building Envelope Inspection Using Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS)
Comprehensive and accurate energy audits are essential to maximize energy savings and improvements in buildings...
2.1
Snapping Facades: Exploring Elastic Instability for the Building Envelope
This article presents an alternative dynamic facade actuation mechanism utilizing the deformation of snapping instability...
Snapping Facades: Exploring Elastic Instability for the Building Envelope
2.1
Developing Timber Volume Calculators Through a Comparative Case Study Analysis of Wood Utilization in On-Site and Off-Site Construction Methods
The research and development of Timber Volume Calculators (TVCs) was conducted to determine the amount of wood...
Developing Timber Volume Calculators Through a Comparative Case Study Analysis of Wood Utilization in On-Site and Off-Site Construction Methods
1.1
Building Dynamics: Exploring Architecture of Change
Flexible, agile, adaptive, responsive, transformative, dynamic—popular terms in contemporary architectural discourse—embody...
1.1
M by Morphosis
My personal exposure to the monographs of Morphosis began as an undergraduate student at the University of Kentucky....
1.1
Representing the Visible on Engineering the World: Ove Arup and the Philosophy of Total Design, Victoria and Albert Museum, London
Hurrah! At last, the design and engineering community has benefited from an exhibit on the life and work of Sir...
Representing the Visible on Engineering the World: Ove Arup and the Philosophy of Total Design, Victoria and Albert Museum, London
1.2
The Mirror Stage
The moment an infant discovers its reflection marks an important stage in child development. Early twentieth-century...
1.2
Disengage, Augment, Adapt
Questions of design simulation are no longer limited to the scope of technology experts. Most simulation research...
1.2
Research and Architecture’s Knowledge Loop
The American Institute of Architects (AIA) has developed a research roadmap that sends the AIA further down a road...
1.2
Simulation and Design of Hybrid Human-Natural-Technological Systems
Interactions among complex and rapidly evolving human, natural, and technological systems in urbanizing regions...
Simulation and Design of Hybrid Human-Natural-Technological Systems
1.2
Architecture from the Bottom-up
Buildings are multiscale material systems with an interconnected web of assemblies, components, and materials....
Architecture from the Bottom-up
1.2
Computational Design Synergy: Stimulation Through Simulation
In complex decision-making such as city design, good designers should find the most synergetic solution between...
Computational Design Synergy: Stimulation Through Simulation
1.2
Computational Doppelgängers
Future Cities Lab explores the intertwining of physical space and objects with their computational doppelgängers:...
Computational Doppelgängers
1.2
Bespoke and Organic: Simulation toward Simplification, Repetition, and Rationalization
The recent history of architecture and engineering has rightly focused on rationalization to realize otherwise...
Bespoke and Organic: Simulation toward Simplification, Repetition, and Rationalization
1.2
The Limits of Simulation: Towards a New Culture of Architectural Engineering
Computational design and fabrication are at the focus of advanced practice and research in architecture. They allow...
The Limits of Simulation: Towards a New Culture of Architectural Engineering
1.2
The Bullitt Center: A Comparative Analysis Between Simulated and Operational Performance
Energy and thermal comfort simulations guide the design of integrated building systems in modern high performance...
The Bullitt Center: A Comparative Analysis Between Simulated and Operational Performance
1.2
Simulations: Modeling, Measuring, and Disrupting Design
Model-based optimization is an innovative optimization strategy and particularly appropriate for time-intensive...
1.2
Model-based Optimization for Architectural Design: Optimizing Daylight and Glare in Grasshopper
This paper describes a novel simulation method for measuring the amount of buzz or productive congestion in an...
Model-based Optimization for Architectural Design: Optimizing Daylight and Glare in Grasshopper
1.2
The Buzz Metric: A Graph-based Method for Quantifying Productive Congestion in Generative Space Planning for Architecture
Conventional energy-efficient wall assemblies suffer from thermal bridging and moisture entrapment due to thick...
1.2
Performance Based Simulations for Membrane-based Enclosures
Greenhouse gas emissions from extracting and manufacturing building materials, often termed “embodied carbon,”...
1.2
Benchmarking the Embodied Carbon of Buildings
SIFT descriptors exist within the lineage of flattened architectural representation but pose new disciplinary ambiguities...
Benchmarking the Embodied Carbon of Buildings
1.2
Drawing Disruptions: Representing Automated Distortions of Multi-Perspectival Form
This paper poses the question: Is BIM-based energy simulation reliable? If so, how might this impact early-stage...
Drawing Disruptions: Representing Automated Distortions of Multi-Perspectival Form
1.2
Disrupting the Status Quo with Early-Stage BIM-Based Energy Modeling
Design history reveals highly differentiated types of simulations that precede the computationally-driven modeling...
Disrupting the Status Quo with Early-Stage BIM-Based Energy Modeling
1.1
Why TAD?
Discourse on technology and design is necessary and vital in our contemporary context of environmental crisis,...
1.1
Overcoming HTTP404
When Kurt Gödel proposed the Incompleteness Theorem in 1931, it did not catch the popular imagination to the same...
1.1
Loci of Disruptiveness: Reflections on Ethics at the Dawn of the Technocene
The task is unnerving. To write a polemical article on technology and its potential forthcoming impact is an intimidating...
1.1
Cities of Clarified Energy: Houston and Palo Alto
Tesla and Solar City launched the second installment of their home battery and integrated inverter known as Powerwall...
Cities of Clarified Energy: Houston and Palo Alto
1.1
A Post-Digital Architectural Research Agenda to Address 21st Century Challenges
In 1995, Mitchell and McCullough posed the question, “What was computer-aided design?” as a provocation that...
1.1
In Service
As an architectural historian interested in issues of building performance, engineering, and integrated practice,...
In Service
1.1
The Changing Higher Education Research Environment: New Opportunities for Architectural Research
Higher education faces many challenges that are profoundly changing its funding, governance, values, and faculty...
1.1
Dynamic Building Environment Dashboard: Spatial Simulation Data Visualization in Sustainable Design
When communicating the results of environmental building performance analysis, It Is Important to display resultant...
Dynamic Building Environment Dashboard: Spatial Simulation Data Visualization in Sustainable Design
1.1
Novelty and Ownership: Intellectual Property in Architecture and Design
Throughout history, architects have prided themselves on their problem-solving skills and their ability to overcome...
Novelty and Ownership: Intellectual Property in Architecture and Design
1.1
VIRAL: Information Technology as Prophet, Panacea, or Pariah?
According to Kevin Kelly, founding member of Wired magazine, technology is ubiquitous, ever present and our destiny....
1.1
Virtual Environment for Design and Analysis (VEDA): Interactive and Immersive Energy Data Visualizations for Architectural Design
Visualizing energy-based data according to multiple perspectives and performance criteria is critical to understanding...
Virtual Environment for Design and Analysis (VEDA): Interactive and Immersive Energy Data Visualizations for Architectural Design
1.1
Three Experiments in Wood and Computational Design
This article focuses on the relationships among material-oriented design, digital technologies, and environmentally...
Three Experiments in Wood and Computational Design
1.1
Robotic Control Strategies Applicable to Architectural Design
While research in robotic control has produced numerous inventions and extensions of human ability, industrial...
Robotic Control Strategies Applicable to Architectural Design
1.1
A Mathematical Model Toward Energy Optimization with Building-Integrated Photovoltaics
This paper presents a new mathematical model for quantification of photovoltaics performance as a function of the...
1.1
Assembling the Digital House by Hand: Lessons from Deep Engagement and Guiding the Experimental Impulse
The potential impact of digital fabrication for housing has been an intriguing topic of speculation for many years....
Assembling the Digital House by Hand: Lessons from Deep Engagement and Guiding the Experimental Impulse
1.1
Begetting
The shaping of our built environment is the result of multiple disciplines’ engagement and their respective discourses....
1.1
The New ABC’s of Research: Achieving Breakthrough Collaborations
In an age of TED talks and an emphasis on interdisciplinarity, Ben Shneiderman’s The New ABCs of Research: Achieving...
1.1
Research Methods for Architecture
Renewed interest in integrating research into design is apparent when we look at books published on the topic in...
1.1
The Inevitable: Understanding the 12 Technological Forces That Will Shape Our Future
Kevin Kelly, the founding executive editor of the tech magazine, Wired, summarizes his thoughts and theses about...
1.1
Make It New: The History of Silicon Valley Design
In the past decade, “design thinking” has taken the world by storm, exhorting individuals, companies, and academic...
2.1
OPEN: Call for Papers
OPEN represents inclusion, exploration, and open-mindedness. With this issue, we direct this receptivity towards...
7:2
7:2
Circularity
Climate explores and defines the roles of architecture, design, and technology in meeting the challenges facing our communities from current and forecasted changes in climate. Climate change continues to be a major problem facing our communities worldwide. In what way does climate change affect our understanding of the role of architecture and technology within our communities? How can we better define the role of architecture and technology in addressing climate change? How can we prepare for a future with more extreme climate conditions and the associated socioeconomic and political problems? Can architecture take a leadership role in transforming the built environment from part of the problem to part of the solution? How can we change the current value system that rewards aesthetics over performance and environmental impact? Is architectural education providing future architects with the values, knowledge, and skillsets needed to tackle climate change effectively?

7:1
7:1
Tectonics
The Tectonics issue investigates the intersection of structure and construction, together with the emerging research in intelligent buildings, building and material science (biomaterials, composites, assemblies), architectural kinetics, mass customization, and parametrically-driven digital fabrication and simulation. TAD is promoting research that redefines/deconceptualizes ways architecture and construction address the diverse technological, cultural, economic, and ecological imperatives of our times.
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6:2
6:2
Past Issue
Engineering
Engineering asserts the most significant advances in architectural technology are not achieved through any singular disciplinary practice, but rather through the hybridization of design and engineering action combined. Legacy differences between their epistemological perspectives and methodological approaches to research are becoming less distinct for improved engagement with twenty-first century design problems.
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6:1
6:1
Past Issue
Histories
We find inflection points in the history of architecture, engineering, and construction when the invention or modification of technologies significantly shifted the trajectory of each discipline; we observe translations of technology from one field to another; and we see how technologies can facilitate new ways of understanding and analyzing the built environment.
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5:2
5:2
Past Issue
Intelligence
Intelligence resides between sensing and acting. Intelligence, through data-driven technology and virtual experimentation, drives the capacity and catalyzes learning, understanding, and applying knowledge through tacit, explicit, haptic, visual, human, and artificial forms. While certain processes relinquish some agency to machines, they can also establish creative synergy for designers, ultimately enabling more responsive and responsible built environments.
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