• Read
  • Publish
  • About


Explore current and past TAD issues and related content.

Current Issue

Learn more about our current issue

Past Issues

Browse our compilation of past issues


Webinars, videos, articles and more


View submission guidelines, learn more about our review process and find helpful recommendations for publishing work in TAD Journal.

Call for Papers

Submit work for our next issue

Author Guide

Explore editorial tips and recommendations


TAD Journal is a peer-­reviewed international journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarship in the field of building technology and its translation, integration, and impact on architecture and design.

Our Mission

Learn more about our vision and values

Editorial Board

Meet the minds bringing our mission to life

Advisory Board

Meet the experts shaping TAD’s future

Issue 1.2

Model-based Optimization for Architectural Design: Optimizing Daylight and Glare in Grasshopper

This paper describes a novel simulation method for measuring the amount of buzz or productive congestion in an interior architectural space. This “buzz metric” first predicts the amount and distribution of congestion based on a simulation of walking paths and, then, computes the extent to which this congestion is distributed across the space. Unlike dynamic methods for simulating occupant behavior such as agent-based crowd simulation, our method is computed statically, and thus is fast enough to be used in an automated generative design (multiobjective optimization) workflow. After describing how the metric is calculated, the paper demonstrates how it can be used in an automated generative design process through a case study of the design of an exhibit hall.

Read Full Article (ACSA Member) Read Full Article (Non-member)